Abraham Lincoln

16th President of the United States (1861–65)

Life History:

  • Nickname: “Honest Abe”; “Illinois Rail-Splitter”
  • Born: Feb. 12, 1809, Hardin (now Larue) County, Ky.
  • Profession: Lawyer
  • Major Religion: None
  • Marriage: Nov. 4, 1842, to Mary Todd (1818–82)
  • Children: Robert Todd Lincoln (1843–1926); Edward Baker Lincoln (1846–50); William Wallace Lincoln (1850–62); Thomas “Tad” Lincoln (1853–71)
  • Political Affiliation: Whig; Republican
  • Writings: Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln (10 vols., 1953–90), ed. by Roy P. Basler
  • Died: Apr. 15, 1865, Washington, D.C.
  • Buried: Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Ill. (see photo)

Vice-President and Cabinet Members:

  • Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin (1861–65); Andrew Johnson (1865)
  • Secretary of State: William H. Seward
  • Secretary of the Treasury: Salmon P. Chase (1861–64); William P. Fessenden (1864–65); Hugh McCulloch (1865)
  • Secretary of War: Simon Cameron (1861–62); Edwin M. Stanton (1862–65)
  • Attorney General: Edward Bates (1861–64); James Speed (1864–65)
  • Postmaster General: Montgomery Blair (1861–64); William Dennison (1864–65)
  • Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles
  • Secretary of the Interior: Caleb B. Smith (1861–63); John P. Usher (1863–65).

Ulysses Simpson Grant

18th President of the United States (1869-77)

Life History:

  • Nickname: “Hero of Appomattox”
  • Born: Apr. 27, 1822, Point Pleasant, Ohio
  • Education: U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y. (graduated 1843)
  • Profession: Soldier
  • Major Religion: Methodist
  • Marriage: Aug. 22, 1848, to Julia Boggs Dent (1826-1902)
  • Children: Children: Frederick Dent Grant (1850-1912); Ulysses Simpson Grant (1852-1929); Ellen Wrenshall Grant (1855-1922); Jesse Root Grant (1858-1934)
  • Political Affiliation: Republican
  • Writings: Personal Memoirs (2 vols., 1885-86); Papers (16 vols., 1967-&Mac182;), ed. by John Y. Simon and D. L. Wilson.
  • Died: July 23, 1885, Mount McGregor, N.Y.
  • Buried: Grant’s Tomb, New York City.

Vice-President and Cabinet Members:

  • Vice-President: Schuyler Colfax (1869-73); Henry Wilson (1873-75)
  • Secretary of State: Elihu B. Washburne (1869); Hamilton Fish (1869-77)
  • Secretary of the Treasury: George S. Boutwell (1869-73); William A. Richardson (1873-74); Benjamin H. Bristow (1874-76); Lot M. Morrill (1876-77)
  • Secretary of War: John A. Rawlins (1869); William T. Sherman (1869); William W. Belknap (1869-76); Alphonso Taft (1876); James D. Cameron (1876-77)
  • Attorney General: Ebenezer R. Hoar (1869-70); Amos T. Akerman (1870-71); George H. Williams (1871-75); Edwards Pierrepont (1875-76); Alphonso Taft (1876-77)
  • Postmaster General: John A. J. Creswell (1869-74); James W. Marshall (1874); Marshall Jewell (1874-76); James N. Tyner (1876-77)
  • Secretary of the Navy: Adolph E. Borie (1869); George M. Robeson (1869-77)
  • Secretary of the Interior: Jacob D. Cox, Jr. (1869-70); Columbus Delano (1870-75); Zachariah Chandler (1875-77).

Ronald Wilson Reagan

40th President of the United States (1981–89)

Life History:

  • Born: Feb. 6, 1911, Tampico, Ill.
  • Education: Eureka College (graduated 1932)
  • Profession: Actor, Public Official
  • Major Religion: Christian Church
  • Marriage: Jan. 25, 1940, to Jane Wyman (1914–==)—div., 1948; Mar. 4, 1952, to Nancy Davis (1923–==)
  • Children: Maureen Elizabeth Reagan (1941–==); Michael Edward Reagan (1945–==); Patricia Ann Reagan (1952–==); Ronald Prescott Reagan (1958–==)
  • Political Affiliation: Republican
  • Writings: Where’s the Rest of Me? (1965); An American Life (1990).

Vice-President and Cabinet Members:

  • Vice-President: George Bush
  • Secretary of State: Alexander Haig (1981–82); George Shultz (1982–89)
  • Secretary of the Treasury: Donald Regan (1981–85); James Baker (1985–88); Nicholas Brady (1988–89)
  • Secretary of Defense: Caspar Weinberger (1981–87); Frank Carlucci (1987–89)
  • Attorney General: W. F. Smith (1981–85); Edwin Meese (1985–88); Richard Thornburgh (1988–89)
  • Secretary of the Interior: James Watt (1981–83); William Clark (1983–85); Donald Hodel (1985–89)
  • Secretary of Agriculture: J. Block (1981–86); R. Lyng (1986–89)
  • Secretary of Commerce: Malcolm Baldrige (1981–87); C. W. Verity (1987–89)
  • Secretary of Labor: Raymond Donovan (1981–85); William Brock (1985–87); Ann McLaughlin (1987–89)
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services: R. Schweiker (1981–83); M. Heckler (1983–85); O. Bowen (1985–89)
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development: Samuel Pierce
  • Secretary of Transportation: Andrew Lewis (1981–83); Elizabeth Dole (1983–87); J. H. Burnley (1987–89)
  • Secretary of Energy: James Edwards (1981–82); Donald Hodel (1982–85); John Herrington (1985–89)
  • Secretary of Education: Terrel Bell (1981–84); William Bennett (1985–88); Lauro F. Cavazos, Jr. (1988–89).