State Symbols

  • Statehood: Dec. 3, 1818; the 21st state.
  • Nickname: The Prairie State.
  • Bird: Cardinal.
  • Flower: Native violet.
  • Tree: White oak.
  • Motto: State Sovereignty-National Union.
  • Song: “Illinois.”

Land

  • Area: 150,008 &Mac220; (57,918 Ê); rank: 25th.
  • Capital: Springfield (1992 est. pop., 106,000).
  • Largest city: Chicago (1992 est. pop., 2,768,000).
  • Counties: 102.
  • Elevations: highest—376 m (1,235 ft), at Charles Mound; lowest—85 m (279 ft), at the Mississippi River.

People

  • Population (1994 est.): 11,752,000; rank: 6th; density: 81.6 persons per &Mac220; (211.4 per Ê).
  • Distribution (1990): 84.6% urban, 15.4% rural.
  • Average annual change (1990-94 est.): +0.7%.

Education

  • Public enrollment (1993 est.): elementary—1,347,000; secondary—540,000; higher (1992)—566,000.
  • Nonpublic enrollment (1989): elementary and secondary—307,973; higher (1992)—182,000.
  • Institutions of higher education (1992): 169.

Economy

  • State personal income (1994): $279.5 billion; rank: 5th.
  • Median family income (1989): $38,664; rank: 12th.
  • Nonagricultural labor distribution (1994): manufacturing—953,000 persons; wholesale and retail trade—1,276,000; government—783,000; services—1,513,000; transportation and public utilities—317,000; finance, insurance, and real estate—394,000; construction—213,000.
  • Agriculture: income (1993)—$8.1 billion.
  • Lumber production (1991): 94 million board feet.
  • Mining (nonfuel): value (1994)—$770 million.
  • Manufacturing: value added (1992)—$74.86 billion.
  • Services: value (1992)—$87.3 billion.